Viticcha Jataka (#244)

The Bodhisatta was once an ascetic living alongside the Ganges River near a city. A clever nomadic pilgrim came to town and asked if there was anyone who could debate him. People told him to go talk with the Bodhisatta, and they followed him to his leaf hut to listen. The nomad greeted the Bodhisatta, who asked, “Will you drink of the Ganges water?” The wanderer thought he could trip up the Bodhisatta here and answered, “What is the Ganges? It may be sand, water, the near or far banks.” The Bodhisatta replied “Besides the sand, water, the near or far banks, what other Ganges can you have?” The nomad could not answer, so he got up and walked away defeated.

In the Lifetime of the Buddha

A nomadic ascetic loved to debate, but in the whole of India he could not find anyone to match him. Once after arriving in the city near the Buddha’s monastery he asked if there was anyone who could debate him and the people told him to go see the Buddha. When the nomad arrived he asked the Buddha a question, and got a correct answer. But he could not answer the Buddha’s question in return, so he got up and left. The Buddha told this story to the people who had just watched the short debate so they knew that in the past he had defeated an earlier birth of this same man in the same way.

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