Salikedara Jataka (#484)

temple painting of Suka Jataka

The Bodhisatta was once a parrot. His father was the flock’s king, and when he got old and could no longer fly far away, he passed the throne to the Bodhisatta. From this point on, the Bodhisatta forbid his parents from foraging for their meals and he brought back food for them each day.

A wealthy brahmin grew rice on one thousand acres of land near the woods where the parrots lived and hired a guard to watch over it. When some parrots reported that the rice in the brahmin’s fields was ripe, the Bodhisatta led the flock there to eat. The guard ran about trying to shoo the birds away, but he could not. When they all returned home, the Bodhisatta carried away some rice for his parents in his beak. The parrots returned to these fields for several days in a row and the guard got worried they might eat up so much rice the brahmin would not pay him. So he went to tell the brahmin exactly what was happening.

When the brahmin heard that the flock’s leader took rice back with him each day, he felt a fondness for this particular parrot and told the guard to snare him unharmed. The guard set the trap at the spot where the Bodhisatta landed each time and it caught him immediately. But the Bodhisatta was so caring he decided to wait until the other parrots had eaten enough food before crying the call of capture. After enough time had passed, he cried out, and was disappointed that every bird flew away; not one came to help him. Hearing the cry of the Bodhisatta and the whoosh of the fleeing flock, the guard came and saw he had succeeded. He tied up the Bodhisatta’s feet and took him to the brahmin.

The brahmin, thinking the Bodhisatta was being greedy or spiteful, asked why he took away more rice than he could eat. The Bodhisatta explained he did not take it for any bad reason, he used it to feed his parents and some other birds that needed help. The brahmin was deeply impressed that a bird could be more righteous than most humans, so he rubbed oil on the Bodhisatta’s feet, sat him on a seat of honor, fed him sweetened corn and sugar water, and offered to give him those one thousand acres. The Bodhisatta accepted just eight acres as a feeding ground for his flock, which the brahmin marked out with boundary stones. The Bodhisatta encouraged the brahmin to be generous from then on out and returned home where everyone was astonished and happy he had survived.

In the Lifetime of the Buddha

The parents of one of the Buddha’s disciples had been reluctant to let their son adopt a religious life, but he begged them and they agreed. After five years he fully understood dharma and then went out to live alone and meditate in the forest to reach spiritual insight. But after twelve years of striving, he still had not achieved it. One day another disciple visited him at his hut and told him that his parents had fallen into ruin. With no children around to protect them, their servants and workers had stolen everything and they were now homeless beggars clothed in rags. The son began to cry and, realizing he had labored in vain for the past twelve years, decided to renounce the monkhood and return home to care for his parents.

The depressed disciple went to listen to the Buddha preach one last time before returning home. The Buddha divined this disciple’s situation and so made his morning talk about the virtues of parents. Listening to the sermon, the son realized that though it would be difficult, he could remain a disciple and still support his parents; and he resolved to do so. He took up abode near their hovel, and from then on out he made two daily alms rounds, one for them and a second for himself. He usually got little food for himself, and some days he got none, so he grew pale and thin.

When some other disciples learned what he was doing, they told him giving offerings to lay people was an offense and they reported him to the Buddha, who summoned him back to the monastery. The disciple admitted sharing the alms he collected with his parents. But, to the surprise of the disciples, the Buddha praised the son instead of rebuking him. He then told this story to explain this was a good thing to do, and that in the past he himself had collected food for his needy parents.

The brahmin was an earlier birth of Ananda, one of the Buddha’s top disciples, while the guard was an earlier birth of Channa, Prince Siddhartha’s charioteer who later became a disciple. The Bodhisatta’s father and mother were earlier births of the Buddha’s father and birth mother, and the flock of parrots were the Buddha’s present followers.

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