Maha-Panada Jataka (#264)

temple painting of Maha-Panada Jataka

The Bodhisatta was once Indra, king of the gods. When Prince Maha-Panada was born, people rejoiced, bringing coins to the king so he would never lack anything. He was raised amidst the utmost splendor and was perfect in every way. When Maha-Panada reached age sixteen, the king decided to pass the crown to him and wanted to build a new palace for the occasion. After he sent his seers out to find the best location, the Bodhisatta’s throne grew warm. When the Bodhisatta saw the reason, he sent Vissakamma, heaven’s chief builder, to join them. Vissakamma told the others to go eat breakfast, and then when he was alone struck the earth with his staff causing a massive palace to rise.

Prince Maha-Panada’s consecration ceremony was held alongside the ceremonies for his marriage and palace blessing; and no expense was spared. After seven years of feasting and celebrating, people began to grumble and wanted the festivities to end. King Suruci told them it could not end until his son laughed. So thousands of acrobats and jugglers were brought before him—even one so clever he had himself chopped into bits and reassembled—but none could spark a smile because Maha-Panada still remembered the entertainment he’d had in heaven. This made people angry so the Bodhisatta intervened again, sending down one of his divine dancers, and he put a little grin on the prince’s face. This was sufficient for King Suruci, and he ended the festival, which officially ended his own reign. King Maha-Panada ruled with as much wisdom, generosity, and righteousness as his father.

In the Lifetime of the Buddha

The Buddha decided to take an interest in Bhaddaji, the only son of a tremendously wealthy merchant, who he believed was ready for a religious conversion. The merchant had a house for each of the three seasons and moved his family between them with great spectacle every four months. And every time he moved, the town came out to watch.

After living for three months near Bhaddaji’s city, the Buddha announced to the townspeople that he and his disciples would be leaving the next day, the same day Bhaddaji would move house. The people prepared a beautiful pavilion and gave magnificent gifts as a departing ceremony for the Buddha. Since everybody went to say farewell to the Buddha, nobody came to look upon Bhaddaji’s splendor. When he heard why, Bhaddaji went to hear the Buddha’s sermon. He stood with his entourage behind the assembly and once it was done, he immediately became an arahant. The Buddha told Bhaddaji’s father that his son could either become a disciple or immediately enter nirvana; the father said he preferred his son to stay on Earth.

The Buddha ordained Bhaddaji and then set out on an alms pilgrimage. At one village they rode rafts over the Ganges River, and while doing so the Buddha revealed that Bhaddaji was King Maha-Panada in a past life and his enormous palace from that time was in the river below them. Some of the others were doubtful, so the Buddha told Bhaddaji to prove it. He lifted the palace out of the river with just one finger and held it as he floated in the sky. Many of Bhaddaji’s family from that past life loved the palace so much they were reborn as fish, frogs, turtles, and the like so they could continue to live in it. When they started diving out of the palace, the Buddha told Bhaddaji to put it back in the river.

After reaching the other river bank, the Buddha took a seat. The disciples wanted to know more about Bhaddaji’s past life, so the Buddha told this story about how he got the palace.

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