Dadhi-Vahana Jataka (#186)

temple painting of Dadhi-Vahana Jataka

The Bodhisatta was once a king’s advisor. Four brothers lived together as ascetics in the Himalayas. When the eldest died he was reborn as Indra, king of the gods, and he used to visit and assist his brothers. One day he asked each of them what they wanted most. One wanted fire, so Indra gave him an axe that would go cut firewood and return to build a fire upon command. The next brother did not like elephants, and there were many around their camp, so Indra gave him a drum that when struck on one side would cause enemies to run away and when struck on the other would cause enemies to become his friends and serve as an army. The third brother wanted curds, so Indra gave him a bowl that when turned over released a river-sized flow of curds.

Elsewhere, a wild boar living in a ruined village found a magic gem and as soon as he picked it up in his mouth, he began to fly. Soaring through the air, he saw an island in the ocean and decided to go live there. Later a troublemaker who had been kicked out of his home by his parents was shipwrecked on this island. This man saw the boar sleeping under a mango tree, stole the gem, and when he found himself rising into the air he landed in the tree. He decided to eat the boar before flying away from the island, so he dropped a twig down on the boar’s head and when the boar noticed his gem was missing he got agitated. Then seeing the man in the tree it ran headfirst into the trunk and died. After cooking and consuming the boar, the man flew off through the sky.

From up above he saw the three ascetics’ camp and decided to visit, spending a few days staying with the eldest. When he heard about his axe, he suggested exchanging it for his flying gem and the ascetic agreed. Once he got the axe, the man commanded it to go smash the ascetic’s skull and bring the gem back to him. He then stayed with the second ascetic and got the drum in the same way, and then did it again for the bowl.

Now possessing immense power, he flew to the city and told the king to fight or surrender. The king chose to fight, so the man beat his drum and was surrounded by a large army, turned over his bowl and drowned the king’s troops in a river of curds, and ordered the axe to fetch the king’s head. With nobody able to stop him, the man crowned himself king and ruled righteously.

One day the king was fishing in the river with a net and caught a huge, wonderful golden mango that had floated down from the holy Lake Kannamunda. The king had his gardener plant its seed in the royal park and he gave the tree his full attention: it was irrigated with milk-water, perfumed with scented oils, decorated with wreathes and garlands, surrounded by a cloth, and lit by a lamp kept burning next to it at all times. Three years later it bore fruit as sweet and delicious as the original.

The king sent these mangoes as gifts to other kings, but first he pricked the spot where the seeds would sprout so that they could not be planted. One king was very upset by this, so he sent his own gardener to sabotage the special mango tree. He got hired as the gardener’s assistant and because he was able to force fruits and flowers to grow out of season, the king fired his gardener and put this man in charge. At this point he planted vines and neem trees around the mango tree, and as their roots intertwined they turned the mangoes bitter. His work done, the duplicitous gardener suddenly took off and returned home.

When the king tasted one of the tainted mangoes he spit it out and asked the Bodhisatta was had happened. The Bodhisatta saw the cause and had all the vines and neem trees cut down and their roots pulled up, then the soil around the tree was replaced and eventually the mangoes became sweet again.

In the Lifetime of the Buddha

One time the Buddha was discussing the harm that comes with keeping bad company and he told this story as an example.

The Buddha did not identify any earlier births other than his own.

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