The Bodhisatta was once a king. He was righteous, generous, and beloved by all his subjects. But it irritated him that his alms were taken by worthless, greedy people, so he wanted to make a grand donation to some private Buddhas (those who reach enlightenment on their own and do not teach the path to others). Following his wise queen’s advice, the king ordered everyone in the city to keep the precepts and he took a gold box full of jasmine flowers to the palace’s courtyard. He got down on the ground and threw seven handfuls of flowers in each direction, inviting private Buddhas to come receive their alms. The flowers magically traveled to the Himalayas and fell on five hundred private Buddhas living in Nandamula Cave. Seven of them flew through the air to the palace where the king and queen gave them great honor and grand gifts for a whole week. When it was time to leave, each expressed their gratitude by speaking about the importance of charity before flying back to the mountains.
In the Lifetime of the Buddha
One time King Pasenadi, a righteous ruler and devoted supporter of the Buddha, gave him alms and invited the city’s citizens to come see. The next day the people arranged to give even more alms to the Buddha and invited the king to come see. Not wanting to be outdone, the king made another alms offering to the Buddha, and then again the people gave one larger than the last. Six times the people bested the king, but then Queen Mallika, his exceptionally wise chief queen, took charge of creating an alms-giving that the people could not surpass. She arranged for five hundred disciples to sit in a wooden pavilion with golden boats in the center. Five hundred elephants held white parasols over each disciple and high caste girls stood between them waving fans and spreading fragrance. The king gave the Buddha everything in his alms house plus four priceless objects: a white parasol on a jeweled stand, a couch, a stool, and a footstool.
The day after what became known as the Incomparable Gift1 the Buddha heard some of his disciples discussing it and he told them this story so they knew in the past he himself had given an incredible gift after having thought carefully about alms-giving.
The Bodhisatta’s queen was an earlier birth of the Buddha’s wife.